1696 Cardinal Richelieu French Catholic Church ARMORIAL PROVENANCE Binding SET

Jean Le Clerc

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Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac (1585 – 1642) was a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616.

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1696 Cardinal Richelieu French Catholic Church ARMORIAL PROVENANCE Binding SET

Owned by Prince Kaunitz-Rietberg Holy Roman Empire

 

Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac (1585 – 1642) was a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616.

 

Main author: Jean Le Clerc

 

Title: Vie d’Armand Jean Cardinal Duc de Richelieu. : Principal Ministre d’Estat sous Louis XIII. Roi de France & de Navarre.

 

Published: A Cologne [i.e. Amsterdam] : Chez **** [i.e. Huguetan], 1696.

 

Language:  French

 

PROVENANCE: Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg

Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg (Czech: Václav Antonín z Kounic a Rietbergu, German: Wenzel Anton Fürst von Kaunitz-Rietberg) (2 February 1711 – 27 June 1794) was a diplomat and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1764 he was made a prince of the Holy Roman Empire as Reichfürst von Kaunitz-Rietberg and in 1776 prince of the Kingdom of Bohemia.

 

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Wear: wear as seen in photos

Binding: tight and secure leather binding;

Pages: complete with all pages; plus indexes, prefaces, and such

Publisher: A Cologne [i.e. Amsterdam] : Chez **** [i.e. Huguetan], 1696.

Size: ~6.25in X 4in (16cm x 10cm)

 

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Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac (English pronunciation: /ˈrɪʃəluː/; French pronunciation: [ʁiʃəljø]; 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a Cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII’s chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered.

The Cardinal de Richelieu was often known by the title of the King’s “Chief Minister” or “First Minister”. He sought to consolidate royal power and crush domestic factions. By restraining the power of the nobility, he transformed France into a strong, centralized state. His chief foreign policy objective was to check the power of the Austro-Spanish Habsburg dynasty, and to ensure French dominance in the Thirty Years’ War that engulfed Europe. Although he was a cardinal, he did not hesitate to make alliances with Protestant rulers in attempting to achieve his goals. While a powerful political figure, events like the Day of the Dupes show that in fact he very much depended on the King’s confidence to keep this power.

Richelieu was also famous for his patronage of the arts; most notably, he founded the Académie Française, the learned society responsible for matters pertaining to the French language. Richelieu is also known by the sobriquet l’Éminence rouge (“the Red Eminence”), from the red shade of a cardinal’s clerical dress and the style “eminence” as a cardinal. As an advocate for Samuel de Champlain and of the retention of New France, he founded the Compagnie des Cent-Associés and saw the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye return Quebec City to French rule under Champlain, after the settlement had been captured by the Kirkes in 1629. This in part allowed the colony to eventually develop into the heartland of Francophone culture in North America.

He is also a leading character in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas and its subsequent film adaptations, portrayed as a main antagonist, and a powerful ruler, even more powerful than the King himself.

 

Categories

European History

Religion

Authors

Jean Le Clerc

Printing Date

17th Century

Language

French

Binding

Leather

Book Condition

Good

Collation

Complete