1566 Thomas Hibernicus of Ireland Medieval Bible IRISH Exegesis Flores Omnium

Thomas of Ireland

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An incredible 16th-century printing of a famous Medieval exegesis by Thomas Hibernicum – Flores or Florum.

Thomas of Ireland (fl. 1295 – ca. 1338), known as Thomas Hibernicus, was an Irish writer most known as an anthologist. Thomas was the author of three short works on theology and biblical exegesis, and the compiler of the Manipulus florum. Florum saw dozens of printings beginning in 1483 through the 19th-century. While Hibernicus wrote from a mainly secular standpoint, this work was relevant to many preachers as a sermon reference tool for finding quotations on various subjects. However, perhaps the most important facet of Hibernicus’s work is that he is considered the earliest pioneer of indexing techniques, such as subject indeces and cross-references. “In his selection, and in the various indexing techniques he invented or improved on, he revealed true originality and inventiveness.” (Rouses, Preachers).

Exceedingly rare with no other example for sale worldwide

$1,250.00

In stock

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1566 Thomas Hibernicus of Ireland Medieval Bible IRISH Exegesis Flores Omnium

An incredible 16th-century printing of a famous Medieval exegesis by Thomas Hibernicum – Flores or Florum.

Thomas of Ireland (fl. 1295 – ca. 1338), known as Thomas Hibernicus, was an Irish writer most known as an anthologist. Thomas was the author of three short works on theology and biblical exegesis, and the compiler of the Manipulus florum. Florum saw dozens of printings beginning in 1483 through the 19th-century. While Hibernicus wrote from a mainly secular standpoint, this work was relevant to many preachers as a sermon reference tool for finding quotations on various subjects. However, perhaps the most important facet of Hibernicus’s work is that he is considered the earliest pioneer of indexing techniques, such as subject indeces and cross-references. “In his selection, and in the various indexing techniques he invented or improved on, he revealed true originality and inventiveness.” (Rouses, Preachers).

Exceedingly rare with no other example for sale worldwide

Main author: Thomas of Ireland

Title: Flores omnium pene doctorum, qui cùm in Theologia, tum in Philosophia hactenus claruerunt : sedulo collecti per Thomam Hibernicum… autores, ex quibus depromptae gnomologiae, in ipsa Operis fronte praesixi sunt.

Published: Lvgdvni : Rovil, 1566.

Language: Latin

Notes & content:

  • Title page vignette, publisher’s icon
  • Collated complete with all pages: [6], 1137
  • Provenance: Ex Oblatorvm S. Caroli Bibliotheca Bayswater

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Wear: wear as seen in photos

Binding: tight and secure vellum binding

Pages: complete with all [6] + 1137 pages; plus indexes, prefaces, and such

Publisher: Lvgdvni : Rovil, 1566.

Size: ~5in X 3in (12.5cm x 7.5cm)

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Thomas of Ireland (fl. 1295 – before 1338), known as Thomas Hibernicus, not to be confused with the Franciscan friar Thomas de Hibernia (died c. 1270),[1] was an Irish writer. His claim to fame is not as an original author, but as an anthologist and indexer.

Contents  [hide]

1              Life

2              Works

2.1          Manipulus florum

2.2          Other works

3              References and further reading

4              External links

Life[edit]

Thomas was a Fellow of the College of Sorbonne and a Master of Arts by 1295, and referred to as a former fellow in the first manuscripts of his Manipulus in 1306. He is believed to have died before 1338.

Works[edit]

Manipulus florum[edit]

Thomas was the author of three short works on theology and biblical exegesis, and the compiler of the Manipulus florum (‘A Handful of Flowers’). The latter, a Latin florilegium, has been described as a “collection of some 6,000 extracts from patristic and a few classical authors”.[2] Thomas compiled this collection from books in the library of the Sorbonne, “and at his death he bequeathed his books and sixteen pounds Parisian to the college”.[3]

The Manipulus florum survives in one hundred and ninety manuscripts, and was first printed in 1483. It was printed twenty-six times in the 16th century, eleven times in the 17th. As late as the 19th century editions were published in Vienna and Turin.

Although Thomas was apparently a member of the secular clergy, his anthology was highly successful because it was “well suited to the needs of the new mendicant preaching orders … [to] … locate quotations … relevant to any subject they might wish to touch on in their sermons.”[4] Indeed, Boyer has demonstrated that very soon after the Manipulus was completed a French Dominican used it to compose a series of surviving sermons.[5] However, Nighman has argued that, although it was surely used by preachers, Thomas did not actually intend his anthology as a reference tool for sermon composition, as argued by the Rouses, but rather as a learning aid for university students, especially those intending on a clerical career involving pastoral care.[6]

Thomas was also among the earliest pioneers of medieval information technology that included alphabetical subject indices and cross-references. “In his selection, and in the various indexing techniques he invented or improved on, he revealed true originality and inventiveness.”[4] Those finding tools are preserved, and electronically enhanced, in Nighman’s online critical edition of the Manipulus florum.

Other works[edit]

Thomas was also the author of three other works:

De tribus punctis religionis Christiane (‘On the three main points of the Christian religion’), on the duties of secular clergy;[1]

De tribus hierarchiis (‘On the three hierarchies’), which develops ideas about hierarchy expressed at the end of De tribus punctis;[1] and

De tribus sensibus sacre scripture (‘On the three senses of holy scripture’), on the four senses of Scripture.[1] The last two works survive in three and eight manuscripts respectively

Category

Religion

Authors

Thomas of Ireland

Printing Date

16th Century

Language

Latin

Binding

Vellum

Book Condition

Good

Collation

Complete